More and more people are becoming aware of the plight of the monarch butterfly. While it has been introduced or spread into some new places it was not found before, there has been a large decline in its numbers in its historical range. This large orange, migratory butterfly may have gotten its name in honor of King William III of Orange and because it was said to rule over a vast domain. Now however it faces many threats including habitat destruction (both here and on its wintering grounds). What may be a weed to us is often an important food source for an animal. In this case, the sole food for monarch caterpillars (called the host plants) are plants in the milkweed family (Asclepias species for the most part). Since the caterpillars can feed on nothing else, this is one “weed” that needs to be conserved and indeed encouraged.
Thus came about the notion of planting Monarch Way Stations. The idea was put forth by one of the leading monarch conservation organizations, Monarch Watch. By having individuals and communities plant both larval food sources (milkweeds) for the young and nectar sources for the adults, the loss of habitat could be offset and some conservation gains could be made. This plan is now getting a lot of support from schools, butterfly clubs, and many other organizations. So what do you need to make your own positive impact for monarchs? In addition to restricting pesticide use, why not plant a garden specifically for monarchs and get it certified as a Monarch Way Station? It is not as difficult as you might think as long as you keep certain principles in mind.
While Monarch Way Stations and their component plants are meant to help the Monarch, obviously many other animals benefit. Twelve different species of caterpillar have been found to also feed on milkweeds, though many are only native South of our region. 457 different insect species were documented on a single milkweed patch during a one-year study by Lewis and Clark Community College in Godfrey, Illinois.
So go ahead and plant a Monarch Way Station, start planning it now. Find out more about how to set one up and get it certified from the folks at Monarch Watch: http://monarchwatch.org/waystations/ Then sit back and enjoy your way station, benefiting so much more than monarchs and yourself…